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时间:2017-08-13 15:18 来源:未知 作者:信息发布中心

2017-08-12 18:03 来源:聚英考研网 经济学人

原题目:每日一篇 | 《经济学人》读译参考 Day70

TEXT 70

经济学人:中国经济数据正中红心

Finance and economics: China's economic data Right on target

中国经济数据,正中红心

Is growth really 7% a year?It all seems a little too perfect to be true.The Chinese government set a growth target of “about 7%” this year; the economy, everresponsive to the Communist Party's needs, has hit exactly that number for two quarters in arow.

译文

增长率当真是年7%?一切好像完美得难以置信。中国政府今年年初制定了“约7%”的增长目标;像是一向为了回应共产党的需求,中国经济持续两个季度准确命中了7%的目标。

Cue a chorus of scepticism.The first quarter did look suspicious.Growth in industrial production was the weakest since the depths of the financial crisis; theproperty market, a pillar of the economy, crumbled.China reported real growth (ie, after accounting for inflation) of 7% year on year in the firstquarter, but nominal growth of just 5.8%.The only way to arrive at the higher real figure was to put the GDP deflator, a measure ofinflation, at -1.1%.

译文

这暗合了某些疑惑论调。第一季度的确看着可疑。工业产值增长率降至金融危机后的最低点;房地产市场这一经济支柱也严重垮塌。中国发布的第一季度实际增长率(即斟酌通货膨胀后的增长率)为同比增长7%,但名义增长率仅为5.8%。使得真实增长率到达更高程度的唯一门路是GDP平减指数(通货膨胀权衡指标)调整为-1.1%。

That implied the economy suffered broad-based deflation, a bizarre claim given that consumerprices rose by more than 1% at the same time.Had the GDP deflator been more accurate, Chang Liu and Mark Williams of Capital Economicsreckon, real growth in the first quarter would have been one or two percentage points lower.

译文

这意味着中国经济遭受了大范围通货紧缩,但离奇的是与此同时,消费价钱增长大于1%。凯投宏观的刘畅和马克·威廉姆斯测算,假如GDP平减指数能更加准确,那么第一季度的实际增长率将会再低一至二个百分点。

The data for the second quarter are more credible.In nominal terms, growth rebounded strongly to 7.1%.The corollary is that the GDP deflator is now 0.1%, a reading that is much more consistentwith rising consumer prices and falling producer prices.

译文

第二季度的数据则更为可信。名义利率强势反弹至7.1%。其必定成果是GDP平减指数现已达到0.1%,表示得与增长的消费价格和下跌的生产价格更为一致。

There were signs of some tampering: without explanation, the national bureau of statistics cutthe quarter-on-quarter growth rate in the second quarter of 2014 to 1.9% from 2%.That doubtless flattered the data for the second quarter of this year by lowering the base forcomparison.But the impact is small: a few tenths of a percentage point, perhaps.

译文

但改动痕迹依然存在:国家统计局将2014年第二季度的环比增长率从2%改为1.9%,且未对此做出任何说明。这种下降比较基数的行为无疑是对今年第二季度数据的美化。但这影响不大,或许只是零点几个百分点而已。

What is more, the sources of Chinese growth in the second quarter were less mysterious thanin the first.Although investment continued to slow, services accelerated.Industry grew by 5.9% year on year in the second quarter, down from 6.4% in the firstquarter.In contrast, services jumped to 8.9% growth from 7.9% in the first quarter.That matters since services now account for a larger share of Chinese GDP than industry.

译文

此外,二季度中国增长率的来源比之一季度要来的更加清朗。投资虽持续放缓,服务业却加速回升。二季度工业同比增长了5.9%,低于一 季度的6.4%。与之相反,服务业的增长率从一季度的7.9%跃至8.9%。自从服务业占GDP比重大于工业之后,这就显得尤为重要。

This acceleration in services is unlikely to last.It derives to a large extent from the soaring stock market, which boosted financial firms.That lift has presumably become a drag in recent weeks as share prices have dived.Transient as it was, however, China's statisticians did not invent the financial boom.

译文

这种服务业的增长不太可能连续。它在很大水平上起源于股市飙升时增进的金融机构的繁荣。但在股价骤降之后,近几周,原先的助力恐怕就成了包袱。然而这是暂时的,究竟这一场金融盛况并不是中国的统计学家编造出来的。

?注释

1.economic data 经济数据

例句:The message here has been mixed, in line with recent economic data. 与最近的美国经济数据一样,和这个问题相关的消息好坏参半。

2.stock market 证券市场

例句:He's been studying and playing the stock market since he was 14. 他从14岁起就一直在研究和交易证券。

3.In contrast 与之相反

例句:In contrast, the lives of girls in well-to-do families were often very sheltered 相反,生活在富饶家庭的女孩子通常都备受庇护。

4.growth rate 增长率

例句:In recent years, our economy fluctuated significantly, accompanied with deflation and highgrowth rate. 近年来,我国经济波动比较大,甚至涌现了通货压缩和高增长并存的现象。

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